Avid and creative, warm and friendly. Your average librarian superhero.
Ptolemy - made a world map and supposed there had to be a land mass to the south calling it Terra Australis Incognito.
The unknown southern land
50 000 years
1600s The Dutch
The Britons 1770s
Captain James Cook
"New South Wales"
1 January 1901
(1986 Australia Act)
Captain James Cook claims sovereignity
over Australia on Possession island 1770
"The Penal colony myth"
The Myth - the most hardened criminals,
Over flowing jails in UK.
The Fact - it wouldn't have been economically viable to send people half way around the world just to jail them.
Many of the convicts were skilled tradesmen or farmers and convicted for lesser crimes
What really happened - colonization!
The term Aboriginal was coined by the British in 1788.
Lumping together all non-white people
already inhabiting Australia when colonization started.
The stolen generation
Mixed aboriginal children became wards of the state because of a parliamentary ruling,
removed from their parents guardianship.
In the 80s awareness of political causes
was the "in thing". The band Midnight oil
were outspoken about aboriginal rights.
Not the same international awareness as with apartheid in South Africa.
New South Wales
Commonwealth of Australia
Land of Oz
"The Land down under"
"Kärt barn har många namn"
The Commonwealth countries
An association of 53 countries -
2.4 billion people live in a Commonwealth country.
Nearly all are former territories of the British empire
Australia is know for having interesting place names like: Ballaballa, Wagga Wagga and Tumbi Umbi. Origin: different aboriginal languages
Other loan words from aboriginal languages into English are:
Kangaroo, Boomerang, Billabong,
Kookaburra, Koala, Dingo.
Hard yakka = Hard work
Australian English =AuE
Australian English began to diverge from British English because a lot of the first settlers came from different parts of England/Ireland and spoke in various dialects . They intermingled and especially the first settlers' children began speaking in a new variety of English, that has its own accent, vocabulary, pronunciation, register and grammar.
How we see Aussies?
Healthy looking people
Flora and fauna
"Perhaps most importantly is that being accepting of others, no matter what country they may have immigrated from, is in the nature of being Australian. It is in the very fabric of our society. Australia being multicultural and accepting of foreigners is an Australian value. It’s even in the second verse of our Anthem. At the end of the day, sure, maybe international shipping costs a bomb, and London’s heatwaves are like our spring, but Australia is honestly such an innately beautiful place in every way possible, that I would honestly never want to live anywhere else."
Chanel Leung - 2015 - Winner of "What it means to be Australian?" writing contest.
Current and ancient affairs
Flora and fauna in Australia is unique for this part of the world because of continental drift.
Australia is also the place where the fourth mass extinction event took place.
Fourth mass extinction
Australia had something called Megafauna.
Why did they go extinct?
What extinction are we facing now?
Scott Morrison, Prime minister