OBJECT-ORIENTED JAVASCRIPT

PSEUDOCLASSICAL

*Ok - maybe it does just in ES6

JavaScript is an object-oriented programming language, but it does not have a "formal" way of creating class constructors* like most languages, hence the name: pseudoclasses.

PRESENTED BY BIANCA GANDOLFO

OBJECT-ORIENTED JAVASCRIPT

RECIPE  |  Defining a (pseudo)Class

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function Building(floors) {
  this.what = "building";
  this.floors = floors;
}

Constructor Properties (per instance)

Methods  (for all instances)

Building.prototype.countFloors = function() {
  console.log('I have',  this.floors, 'floors');
};

OBJECT-ORIENTED JAVASCRIPT

COOKING IT  |  Using a (pseudo)Class

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function Building(floors) {
  this.what = "building";
  this.floors = floors;

}
Building.prototype.countFloors = 
function() {
  console.log('I have',  
    this.floors, 'floors');
};
var yourHouse = new Building(2);
var theOffice = new Building(12);
yourHouse.countFloors();
theOffice.countFloors();

The results of the shared method depend on the unique instance values which are created at call-time inside each function's scope.

 

OBJECT-ORIENTED JAVASCRIPT

THINGS TO NOTE

PRESENTED BY BIANCA GANDOLFO

  • There are several methods in creating classes in JavaScript.
  • Pseudoclassical is the industry standard and is expected knowledge in an interview.
  • You may see elements of this style in your favorite JS framework.

OBJECT-ORIENTED JAVASCRIPT

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MORE THINGS TO NOTE

  • Subclassing and inheritance are not covered in this course.
  • For more in-depth information on classes and subclasses, I recommend this blog.
 

OBJECT-ORIENTED JAVASCRIPT

EXERCISE TIME!

PRESENTED BY BIANCA GANDOLFO

Create a unique constructor that makes a building of your choice using the pseudoclassical pattern.

 

Don't forget to add methods and practice creating instances.

OBJECT-ORIENTED JAVASCRIPT

INTRODUCTION TO

DATA STRUCTURES

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STACKS & QUEUES

OBJECT-ORIENTED JAVASCRIPT

PRESENTED BY BIANCA GANDOLFO

INGREDIENTS TO LEARN DS

1. Learn Data Structure Concept

    - Draw it

    - Create the API/operation methods

2. Build the Data Structure

    - Pseudocode the implementation

    - Code the data structure constructor

3. Utilize the Data Structure

    - Put your data structure to work!

    - Pair it with an algorithm if needed

 

4. Understand Data Structure

    - What is the time complexity? (coming soon)

    - How can you optimize?

OBJECT-ORIENTED JAVASCRIPT

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CONCEPT : STACKS

The Last item added Into the stack will be the First one taken Out of the stack.

 

(aka pushed onto)

(aka popped off)

"LIFO"

 

0

1

2

3

OBJECT-ORIENTED JAVASCRIPT

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DIAGRAM : STACKS

var makeEggs = function(style, n) {
    var completedEgg;
    if (style !== "boiled") {
        var crackedEggs = crackEggs(n);
        if (style !== "scrambled") {
            completedEgg = fryEgg(crackedEggs, style);
        } else {
            var preppedEggs = whipEggs(crackedEggs)
            completedEgg = fryEgg(preppedEggs)
        }
    }
    //... other procedures here
    return completedEgg;
}

makeEggs('scrambled', 3);
makeBacon('crispy', 2)
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0

OBJECT-ORIENTED JAVASCRIPT

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INTERFACE : STACKS

  1. Constructor Function

    • ​​Storage

  2. Methods​

    • ​​push(value) //adds value to the front, returns size of stack

    • pop() //removes value from front, returns value

    • size() //returns size of stacks as an integer

OBJECT-ORIENTED JAVASCRIPT

PRESENTED BY BIANCA GANDOLFO

INTERFACE : STACKS

  1. Constructor Function

    • ​​Storage

  2. Methods​

    • ​​push(value)

    • pop()

    • size()

var Stack = function(){
    this.storage = "";
};

Stack.prototype.push = function(val){

};

Stack.prototype.pop = function(){

};

Stack.prototype.size = function(){

};

var myWeeklyMenu = new Stack();

myWeeklyMenu.push("RedBeans");

OBJECT-ORIENTED JAVASCRIPT

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PSEUDOCODE: STACKS

OBJECT-ORIENTED JAVASCRIPT

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CONCEPT: QUEUES

The First item added Into the queue will be the First one taken Out of the queue.

(aka enqueued)

(aka dequeued)

myQueue.enque(1)

myQueue.enque(2)

myQueue.deque()

myQueue.enque(3)

myQueue.enque(4)

myQueue.deque()

"FIFO"

 

OBJECT-ORIENTED JAVASCRIPT

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DIAGRAM: QUEUES

OBJECT-ORIENTED JAVASCRIPT

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INTERFACE : QUEUES

  1. Constructor Function

    • ​​Storage

  2. Methods​

    • ​​enqueue(value) //adds value To the back, returns size

    • dequeue() //removes value from front, returns value

    • size() //returns size of queue as an integer

OBJECT-ORIENTED JAVASCRIPT

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PSEUDOCODE: QUEUES

OBJECT-ORIENTED JAVASCRIPT

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EXERCISE TIME!

OBJECT-ORIENTED JAVASCRIPT

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Pancake Stacks

 

Browser History/Undo Button

JS Call stack

Stack Overflow

Email Inbox

 

Queues out the Door

 

JavaScript's Event Queue

Message Queueing (Buffer)

Ticket Sales (ticketmaster)

Popup Windows

 

IRL USES

OBJECT-ORIENTED JAVASCRIPT

RECURSION

Recursion is simply when a function calls itself; however it doesn't stop there.

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var callMe = function() {
  callMe();
  callMe();
  callMe('anytime');
};

OBJECT-ORIENTED JAVASCRIPT

WHY RECURSION?

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Recursive Functions

Recursive Algorithms

Recursive Data Structures

 

 
var callMe = function() {
  callMe();
  callMe();
  callMe("anytime");
};

OBJECT-ORIENTED JAVASCRIPT

WHY RECURSION?

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Elegant solutions to keep your code D.R.Y.

Expected CS knowledge

 
var callMe = function() {
  callMe();
  callMe();
  callMe("anytime");
};

OBJECT-ORIENTED JAVASCRIPT

WTHeck is this doing?

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var tracker = 0;
var callMe = function() {
  tracker++
  if (tracker === 3) {
      return 'loops!';
  }
  return callMe('anytime');
};

OBJECT-ORIENTED JAVASCRIPT

RECIPE

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var callMyself = function() {

  if() {
    // base case
    return;
  } else {
    // recursive case
    callMyself();
  }
    
  return;
};

1. Identify base case(s).

2. Identify recursive case(s).

3. Return where appropriate.

4. Write procedures for each case that bring you closer to the base case(s).

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LOOPING

var loopNTimes = function(n) {
  console.log('n equals', n)  
  if (n <= 1) {
      return 'complete';
  }
  return loopNTimes(n-1);
};

loopNTimes(3);

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FACTORIAL WITH LOOP

function computeFactorial(num) {
  var result = 1;

  for(var i = 2; i <= num; i++) {
    result *= i;
  }

  return result;
}
results *= 2;
results *= 3;
results *= 4;
results *= 5;

If we call computeFactorial(5), then the loop will run:

What pattern do you notice?

OBJECT-ORIENTED JAVASCRIPT

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WITH RECURSION

function computeFactorial(num) {
  if(num === 1) {
    return 1;
  } else {
    return num * computeFactorial(num - 1);
  }
}
5 * computeFactorial(4)
    4 * computeFactorial(3)
        3 * computeFactorial(2)
            2 * computeFactorial(1)
                1

If we call computeFactorial(5), then the loop will run:

OBJECT-ORIENTED JAVASCRIPT

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LOOP TO RECURSION

function logNumbers(start, end) {
  for(var i = start; i <= end; i++) {
    console.log(i);
  }
}

function logNumbersRecursively(start, end) {
  function recurse(i) {
    console.log(i);

    if(i < end) {
      recurse(i + 1);
    }
  }

  recurse(start);
}

OBJECT-ORIENTED JAVASCRIPT

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RECURSIONS vs LOOPS

Recursion can always be implemented as a loop, but often, especially with certain DS it is much easier to use recursion.

 

Loops are more performant than recursion in JavaScript because every function call is added to the stack, state must be preserved, etc.

In other languages, you can write your recursive functions in a way that the engine would recognize and optimize it by refactoring into a loop. The current version JavaScript does not implement TCO, but ES6 plans to implement this feature! Read more here and here.

 

Tail-Call

Optimization

 

OBJECT-ORIENTED JAVASCRIPT

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COMMON PATTERNS

FOR RECURSIONS

  • Wrapper Functions

  • Passing Memos / Accumulators

OBJECT-ORIENTED JAVASCRIPT

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WRAPPER FUNCTIONS

function runRecursiveLoop(start, end) {
  function recurse(i) {
    console.log(i);
    if(i < end) {
      recurse(i + 1);
    }
  }

  recurse(start);
}

function runLoopAsMyself(i, end) {
  console.log(i);
  if(i < end) {
    runLoopAsMyself(i + 1, end);
  }
}

OBJECT-ORIENTED JAVASCRIPT

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MEMO, ACCUMILATORS

function joinElements(array, joinString) {

  function recurse(index, resultSoFar) {
    resultSoFar += array[index];

    if(index === array.length - 1) {
      return resultSoFar;
    } else {
      return recurse(index + 1, resultSoFar + joinString);
    }
  }

  return iterate(0, '');
}

OBJECT-ORIENTED JAVASCRIPT

PRESENTED BY BIANCA GANDOLFO

EXERCISE TIME!

(but first, a quick overview)

Recursion, OOJS, Stacks/Queues

By Bianca Gandolfo

Recursion, OOJS, Stacks/Queues

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