What we make matters: Ethics on the bleeding edge

March 18, 2018

March 18, 2018
Tempe, maricopa, Arizona

What happened here?

At 1.3 seconds before impact, the self-driving system determined that an emergency braking maneuver was needed to mitigate a collision (see figure 2). According to Uber, emergency braking maneuvers are not enabled while the vehicle is under computer control, to reduce the potential for erratic vehicle behavior. The vehicle operator is relied on to intervene and take action. The system is not designed to alert the operator. 
At 1.3 seconds before impact, the self-driving system determined that an emergency braking maneuver was needed to mitigate a collision (see figure 2). According to Uber, emergency braking maneuvers are not enabled while the vehicle is under computer control, to reduce the potential for erratic vehicle behavior. The vehicle operator is relied on to intervene and take action. The system is not designed to alert the operator. 
At 1.3 seconds before impact, the self-driving system determined that an emergency braking maneuver was needed to mitigate a collision (see figure 2). According to Uber, emergency braking maneuvers are not enabled while the vehicle is under computer control, to reduce the potential for erratic vehicle behavior. The vehicle operator is relied on to intervene and take action. The system is not designed to alert the operator. 
At 1.3 seconds before impact, the self-driving system determined that an emergency braking maneuver was needed to mitigate a collision (see figure 2). According to Uber, emergency braking maneuvers are not enabled while the vehicle is under computer control, to reduce the potential for erratic vehicle behavior. The vehicle operator is relied on to intervene and take action. The system is not designed to alert the operator. 
According to Uber, the developmental self-driving system relies on an attentive operator to intervene if the system fails to perform appropriately during testing. In addition, the operator is responsible for monitoring diagnostic messages that appear on an interface in the center stack of the vehicle dash and tagging events of interest for subsequent review.
According to Uber, the developmental self-driving system relies on an attentive operator to intervene if the system fails to perform appropriately during testing. In addition, the operator is responsible for monitoring diagnostic messages that appear on an interface in the center stack of the vehicle dash and tagging events of interest for subsequent review.

The Trolley Problem

How many people should we allow self driving cars to kill as a society?

Is it ok for the software you are writing to place unrealistic expectations on users?

February 16, 2012

NY Times

The possibly apocryphal Pregnancy

“If we send someone a catalog and say, ‘Congratulations on your first child!’ and they’ve never told us they’re pregnant, that’s going to make some people uncomfortable,” Pole told me. “We are very conservative about compliance with all privacy laws. But even if you’re following the law, you can do things where people get queasy.”

Jurassic Park

John Hammond: I don't think you're giving us our due credit. Our scientists have done things which nobody's ever done before...

Dr. Ian Malcolm: Yeah, yeah, but your scientists were so preoccupied with whether or not they could that they didn't stop to think if they should.

But Daniel...
I write javascript.

Tracking Users
Leaking user    information
ads & ad networks
Selling goods
Throttling content

IDENTIFYING AT RISK INDIVIDUALS

BEHAVIOR
PREVENTING ABUSIVE

STALKING
​ETC.

25 March 2013
Scientific Reports

We study fifteen months of human mobility data for one and a half million individuals and find that human mobility traces are highly unique. In fact, in a dataset where the location of an individual is specified hourly, and with a spatial resolution equal to that given by the carrier's antennas, four spatio-temporal points are enough to uniquely identify 95% of the individuals.
"We think this data is more available than people think. When you think about, for instance wi-fi or any application you start on your phone, we call up the same kind of mobility data."

You have access to an enormously powerful trove of data.

And your users trust you. At least a little bit.

1. Consequentialist
2. Duty
3. Virtue

OR

1. Harry Potter
2. Hermione Granger
3. Neville Longbottom

Consequentialist approaches:
- Utilitarian
- Egoistic
- Common Good

 

Non- Consequentialist approaches:
- Duty-Based
- Rights
- Fairness or Justice
- Divine Command

Agent Centered approaches:
- Virtue
- Feminist

Quiz time!

It's ok to break a rule if the result of the action is positive.

Why someone did something is more important than what they did.

I Should always do what my boss tells me to do.

how an action will change me as a person factors into my decision.

Let's get fictional

Should you kill Albus Dumbledore or let Malfoy do it?

😭

Should you kill Albus Dumbledore or let Malfoy do it?

Snape chose yes. Why?

The Consequentialist view

The Duty View

The Virtue view

“Adults are so busy and focused on so much other than ethical issues that we don’t often stop to think coherently about what our moral principles really are.  Or what we think of our own moral character. We just assume we’re good people and let it go at that."

Please.
Don't do that.

Be Excellent to each other

Daniel Sellers
Team Lead/Sr. Engineer @ Instructure
@DANIEL_SELLERS
github.com/designfrontier/ama
designfrontier.net

Further Reading:

What we make matters: Ethics on the bleeding edge

By Daniel Sellers

What we make matters: Ethics on the bleeding edge

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