Philosophy, Religion, Catholic Studies, and Peace & Conflict Studies Librarian at the University of Manitoba
Social media as evidence
Overview of our own biases
3 ways to filter out disinformation and bias
false information deliberately presented as true or real
false information unintentionally presented as true or real
Here is the link to a digitized version of the original transcripts from the William J. Clinton Presidential Library & Museum
Even established newspapers now publish "advertorials"/sponsored content. It can sometimes be hard to spot. Look for clues in the header or the footer of the article. Find out who the author is.
The Syrian Archive preserves social media evidence of human rights violations for war crimes tribunals.
Humans have a tendency to believe or look for information that:
(1) confirms the beliefs they already believe
(2) makes them feel good about themselves
(3) makes people they care about look good
Humans have a tendency to discount information that:
(1) questions things they already believe
(2) makes them feel bad about themselves
(3) makes people they care about look or feel bad
Photo credit: FOTO:FORTEPAN / MHSZ (2016, CC BY-SA 3.0)
Source: Lenker, M. (2016). Motivated Reasoning, Political Information, and Information Literacy Education. portal: Libraries and the Academy, 16(3), 511-528. https://doi.org/10.1353/pla.2016.0030
Takeaway: we sometimes believe things without good evidence and we sometimes believe things in spite of evidence.
All icons are from the Noun Project through a Creative Commons license (CC BY 4.0):
By Dom Taylor