Fake News

Pawel Ngei alxd.org

Pawel Ngei

Advanced Social Media Verificaton
https://youtu.be/bCXJA1MighQ

slides.com/pawelngei/
fake-news-2019

reporterslab.org

PL
kursy.demagog.org.pl

EN
getbadnews.com

What are fake news?

Source: Wikipedia

Are they a threat?

Source: TheOutline

Source: News18

Source: skylarlowy

A fake news was 70% more likely to be retweeted than a real news on Twitter

Source: news.mit.edu

Source: BuzzFeedNews

2016 US Elections

20 most popular fake news were more popular than 20 real news on Facebook

Why?

Ads

Political Gain

Scams

Fame

Trolling

not only today

every political option is suspectible

Social mechanisms of fake news

Filter bubble

Source: elipariser

Echo chamber

Source: CC-BY-SA tara hunt / Hugh Macleod

Biases

Source: Wikipedia

Confirmation bias

Source: Annika Brandow

Sunk Cost Fallacy

Source: Annika Brandow

Bayes Theorem

Source: luminousmen

Common categories of fake news

Clickbait

Source: v4Company

Trolls

Source: Carlos Ramirez

Fake stories

Fake quotes

Source: Gizmodo

Fake contexts

Source: Washington Post

Celebrity deaths

Source: DailyMail

Deepfakes

Source: Gizmodo

FactCheckers

Source: Demagog

Social media

Z Yeah so if you ever need info about anyone at Harvard

Z Just ask.

Z I have over 4,000 emails, pictures, addresses, Social Network      Services

 

 What? How'd you manage that one? F

Z People just submitted it. 

Z I don't know why. 

Z They "trust me" 

Z Dumb fucks.

Source: http://www.businessinsider.com/well-these-new-zuckerberg-ims-wont-help-facebooks-privacy-problems-2010-5

Mark Zuckerberg

Photo CC-BY-SA 3.0 Guillaume Paumier

if you don't pay for a service,
you are its product, not a client

alxd
after blue_beetle

attention as commodity

Source: Quswar Abid

Photo CC-BY bookcatalog

microtargeting

retweet button

Source: BuzzFeedNews

political ad ban

Source: Twitter

troll farms

Source: OCCRP

other social media

mastodon

hypothes.is

Source: hypothes.is

pol.is

Source: pol.is blog

WT Social

Source: Mario Peshev

How not to fall for a fake news?

Lateral reading

Read AROUND
not just DOWN
the page

Is it a clickbait?

1

Is the web page legit?

2

mbanḳ

and other homoglyphs

0 ≠ O

w ≠ vv

a ≠ a

d ≠ d

Wayback Machine

Source: Lifewire

Check author & date

3

Check the sources

4

"full phrase"

+"must include"

-"cannot include"

inurl:samplesite.com

*wildcards

Check the quotes

5

Check the comments

6

Reverse image search

7

Is it not a troll?

8

Am I biased?

9

Other sources
& fact-checkers

10

reporterslab.org

1. Clickbait
2. Outlet
3. Author & Date
4. Sources
5. Quotes
6. Comments
7. Reverse image search
8. Trolling
9. My biases
10. Other sources & fact-checkers

Advanced Social Media Verificaton
https://youtu.be/bCXJA1MighQ

slides.com/pawelngei/
fake-news-2019

reporterslab.org

PL
kursy.demagog.org.pl

EN
getbadnews.com

Fake News 2019

By Pawel Ngei

Fake News 2019

  • 343
Loading comments...

More from Pawel Ngei