Understanding

Fake News

Pawel Ngei alxd.org

Pawel Ngei

Advanced Social Media Verificaton
https://youtu.be/bCXJA1MighQ

slides.com/pawelngei/
fake-news-2020

reporterslab.org

getbadnews.com

What are fake news?

Source: Cambridge Dictionary

false stories that appear to be news, spread on the internet or using other media, usually created to influence political views or as a joke

Are they a threat?

Source: TheOutline

Source: BBC

Source: CNN

A fake news was 70% more likely to be retweeted than a real news on Twitter

Source: news.mit.edu

Source: BuzzFeedNews

2016 US Elections

20 most popular fake news were more popular than 20 real news on Facebook

Source: News18

Why?

Ads

Political Gain

Scams

Fame

Trolling

not only today

every political option is suspectible

Social mechanisms of fake news

Filter bubble

Source: elipariser

Echo chamber

Source: CC-BY-SA tara hunt / Hugh Macleod

Confirmation bias

Source: Annika Brandow

Sunk Cost Fallacy

Source: Annika Brandow

Authority Bias

Source: freepik

(the "celebrity expert" problem)

Association Fallacy

Source: TVTropes

Common categories of fake news

Clickbait

Source: v4Company

Trolls

Source: Carlos Ramirez

Fake stories

Fake quotes

Source: Gizmodo

Fake contexts

Source: Washington Post

Celebrity deaths

Source: DailyMail

Deepfakes

Source: Gizmodo

FactCheckers

Source: Demagog

Fake Twitter Fact-Checking

Social media

Z Yeah so if you ever need info about anyone at Harvard

Z Just ask.

Z I have over 4,000 emails, pictures, addresses, Social Network      Services

 

 What? How'd you manage that one? F

Z People just submitted it. 

Z I don't know why. 

Z They "trust me" 

Z Dumb fucks.

Source: http://www.businessinsider.com/well-these-new-zuckerberg-ims-wont-help-facebooks-privacy-problems-2010-5

Mark Zuckerberg

Photo CC-BY-SA 3.0 Guillaume Paumier

if you don't pay for a service,
you are its product, not a client

alxd
after blue_beetle

Outrage Porn

attention as commodity

Source: Quswar Abid

content farms

Source: 5 Minute Crafts

Photo CC-BY bookcatalog

microtargeting

retweet button

Source: BuzzFeedNews

political ad ban

Source: Twitter

troll farms

Source: OCCRP

other social media

mastodon

hypothes.is

Source: hypothes.is

pol.is

Source: pol.is blog

Gab & Parler

the threat of echo chambers

How not to fall for a fake news?

Lateral reading

Read AROUND
not just DOWN
the page

Is it a clickbait?

1

Is the web page legit?

2

mbanḳ

and other homoglyphs

0 ≠ O

w ≠ vv

a ≠ a

d ≠ d

Wayback Machine

Source: Lifewire

Check author & date

3

Check the sources

4

"full phrase"

+"must include"

-"cannot include"

inurl:samplesite.com

*wildcards

Check the quotes

5

Check the comments

6

Reverse image search

7

Is it not a troll?

8

Am I biased?

9

Other sources
& fact-checkers

10

reporterslab.org

1. Clickbait
2. Outlet
3. Author & Date
4. Sources
5. Quotes
6. Comments
7. Reverse image search
8. Trolling
9. My biases
10. Other sources & fact-checkers

Advanced Social Media Verificaton
https://youtu.be/bCXJA1MighQ

slides.com/pawelngei/
fake-news-2020

reporterslab.org

getbadnews.com

Understanding Fake News 2021

By Pawel Ngei

Understanding Fake News 2021

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