Write once,
test everywhere with Playwright

 Luca Del Puppo 

Are you writing test?_

Testing

  • is hard
  • takes time to learn
  • takes time to build
  • takes time to debug
  • time === money
  • culture

Luca Del Puppo

  • Senior Software Developer
  • JavaScript enthusiast
  • TypeScript lover
  • “Youtuber”
  • “Writer”

Love sport: running, hiking

Love animals

Playwright Testing

reliable end-to-end testing for modern web apps

  • Any browser - Any platform - One API
  • Full isolation - Fast execution
  • Powerful Tooling - Multi Language

What this talk is not

  • A guide to learn testing
  • The solution for all your bugs

What this talk is

A good starting point to know

Playwright features

Let’s start the journey_

Installation

NPM

VSCode Extension

Select Browser & GitHub Actions 

After the installation

Test Fundamentals_

import { expect, test } from "@playwright/test";

test("has title", async ({ page }) => {
  await page.goto("https://delpuppo.net/");

  // Expect a title "to contain" a substring.
  await expect(page).toHaveTitle(/luca del puppo | developer portfolio/i);
});

The VsCode’s benefits_

Run tests

Debug tests

Locators

strict by default

Locator

Selector

Familiar with @testing/library?

  • page.getByRole()
  • page.getByText()

  • page.getByLabel()

  • page.getByPlaceholder()

  • page.getByAltText()

  • page.getTitle()

  • page.getByTestId()

Web Assertions

Web First Assertion

  • expect(locator).toBeChecked()
  • expect(locator).toBeDisabled()
  • expect(locator).toBeEditable()
  • expect(locator).toBeEmpty()
  • expect(locator).toBeEnabled()
  • expect(locator).toBeFocused()
  • expect(locator).toBeHidden()
  • expect(locator).toBeVisible()
  • expect(locator).toContainText()
  • expect(locator).toHaveAttribute()
  • expect(locator).toHaveClass()
  • expect(locator).toHaveCount()
  • expect(locator).toHaveCSS()
  • expect(locator).toHaveId()
  • expect(locator).toHaveJSProperty()
  • expect(locator).toHaveScreenshot()
  • expect(locator).toHaveText()
  • expect(locator).toHaveValue()
  • expect(locator).toHaveValues()
  • expect(page).toHaveScreenshot()
  • expect(page).toHaveTitle()
  • expect(page).toHaveURL()
  • expect(apiResponse).toBeOK()

Picking Selectors

Code Generator

But what about assertion?

Show Reports

> npx playwright show-report

Trace File

> npx playwright test --trace on

Emulation

Devices

  • iPhone
  • Galaxy
  • BlackBerry
  • .....
test("test", async ({
  page,
  isMobile
}) => {
  ...
});

View Port

import { test, expect } from '@playwright/test';

// Run tests in this file with portrait-like viewport.
test.use({
  viewport: { width: 600, height: 900 },
});

test('my portrait test', async ({ page }) => {
  // ...
});

Others

  • Locale & TimeZone
  • Permission
  • Geolocation
  • Color Schema and Media
  • Javascript Enabled

Github Actions

name: Playwright Tests
on:
  push:
    branches: [ main, master ]
  pull_request:
    branches: [ main, master ]
jobs:
  test:
    timeout-minutes: 60
    runs-on: ubuntu-latest
    steps:
    - uses: actions/checkout@v3
    - uses: actions/setup-node@v3
      with:
        node-version: 16
    - name: Install dependencies
      run: npm ci
    - name: Install Playwright Browsers
      run: npx playwright install --with-deps
    - name: Run Playwright tests
      run: npx playwright test
    - uses: actions/upload-artifact@v3
      if: always()
      with:
        name: playwright-report
        path: playwright-report/
        retention-days: 30

Component Testing

Component Testing

> npm init playwright@latest -- --ct
import { expect, test } from '@playwright/experimental-ct-react';
import FilterTag from './index';

test.describe('FilterTag', () => {

  test('should render', async ({ page, mount }) => {
    await mount(<FilterTag name="All" active={true} />);

    await expect(page.locator('text=All')).toBeVisible();
  });

});

React

Vue

Svelte

SolidJS

Others helpful features

  • Parallelism and sharding
  • Visual comparisons
  • Accessibility testing
  • Mocking API
  • API Testing
  • Fixtures
  • Video

Conclusion

  • Developer Experience
  • Mitigate flaky tests
  • Many languages
  • Isolation
  • Company behind

That's all

Code

Luca Del Puppo

@puppo92

Luca Del Puppo

Puppo_92

@puppo

We are hiring

Thank you!_

Write once, test everywhere with Playwright

By Luca Del Puppo

Write once, test everywhere with Playwright

Slide deck about the speech on Playwright

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