US and Canada:
demographics in 1935-2014
immigration, temporary workers, refugees
These countries are economically and culturally close, so population growth patterns are similar
Since early nineties, natural population growth in Canada is slower than in US.
How does Canada keep its total population growth rate on par with its neighbour down South?
Immigration may be the answer - see next slide.
New permanent residents
The PR numbers are available for both countries and can be easily compared
Add temporary workers and refugees entries
IMO (International Mobility) program and TFWP (Temporary Foreign Worker)
US: include CW,E,F,G,H,I,J,K,L,M,O,S,TN,TD,T,U,V visas, put aside all "visitor" visas like B,C,D,NATO
temporary workers and refugees numbers are hard to find compared to PR statistics;
Canada relies heavily on permanent immigrants and temporary workers;
for both countries, the number of refugees arriving each year is much smaller than the number of new PRs and temporary workers and students.
- US population - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demography_of_the_United_States
- Canada population - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_Canada
- Natural increase: UNDESA - https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/dataquery/
- Fertility rate: The World Bank - http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.DYN.TFRT.IN
- US new permanent residents: Department of Homeland Security - https://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/Yearbook_Immigration_Statistics_2012.pdf
- Canada new permanent residents: Government of Canada - http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/resources/statistics/facts2014/permanent/index.asp#figure1
- US non-resident visa entries: US Department of state - https://travel.state.gov/content/dam/visas/Statistics/AnnualReports/FY2015AnnualReport/FY15AnnualReport-TableXVIA.pdf
- Canada IMO and TFWP entries: Government of Canada - http://www.edsc.gc.ca/eng/jobs/foreign_workers/reform/index.shtml
- US refugee arrivals: Refugee Processing Center - http://www.wrapsnet.org/archives/
- Canada refugee arrivals: Citizenship and Immigration Canada (published by CBC news) - http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/canada-s-refugees-by-the-numbers-the-data-1.3240640
By Charteca Guy