Go testing

Different test cases

Unit testing

Functional testing

E2E testing

Fuzzing

Unit testing

Unit testing is a software development process in which the smallest testable parts of an application, called units, are individually and independently scrutinized for proper operation

Unit testing

go test -v ./...

Unit testing

=== RUN   TestMyPassed
--- PASS: TestMyPassed (0.00s)
=== RUN   TestMyFailed
--- FAIL: TestMyFailed (0.00s)

Unit testing

package demo

var the_var = "the_value"

func awesome() (s string) {
	if the_var == "the_value" {
		s = "working"
	}

	if len(the_var) == 0 {
		s = "empty"
	}

	if the_var == "bypass" {
		s = "bypass"
	}

	if called(the_var) {
		s = "called"
	}

	return
}

Unit testing

func Test_awesome(t *testing.T) {
    if awesome() != "working" {
        t.Errorf("The awesome function must return `working` while passed initial value, %s given", awesome())
    }

    the_var = ""
    if awesome() != "empty" {
        t.Errorf("The awesome function must return an empty string while passed empty value, %s given", awesome())
    }

    the_var = "bypass"
    if awesome() != "bypass" {
        t.Errorf("The awesome function must return `bypass` string while passed `bypass` value, %s given", awesome())
    }

    the_var = "another_valid"
    if awesome() != "called" {
        t.Errorf("The awesome function must return `called` string while passed `another_valid` value, %s given", awesome())
    }
}

Unit testing

func Test_awesome_working(t *testing.T) {
    if awesome() != "working" {
        t.Errorf("The awesome function must return `working` while passed initial value, %s given", awesome())
    }
}
func Test_awesome_empty(t *testing.T) {
    the_var = ""
    if awesome() != "empty" {
        t.Errorf("The awesome function must return an empty string while passed empty value, %s given", awesome())
    }
}
func Test_awesome_bypass(t *testing.T) {
    the_var = "bypass"
    if awesome() != "bypass" {
        t.Errorf("The awesome function must return `bypass` string while passed `bypass` value, %s given", awesome())
    }
}
func Test_awesome_called(t *testing.T) {
    the_var = "another_valid"
    if awesome() != "called" {
        t.Errorf("The awesome function must return `called` string while passed `another_valid` value, %s given", awesome())
    }
}

Unit testing

ok      my_package  0.155s  coverage: 92.9% of statements
my_package/main.go:5:       called          80.0%
my_package/main.go:17:      awesome         100.0%
total:                      (statements)    92.9%
go test ./... -coverprofile cover.out && \
go tool cover -func cover.out

Unit testing

func Test_called_valid(t *testing.T) {
	if !called("valid") {
		t.Errorf("The called function must return `true` while passed a valid value, %v given", called("valid"))
	}
}
ok      my_package  0.180s  coverage: 100.0% of statements
my_package/main.go:5:       called          100.0%
my_package/main.go:17:      awesome         100.0%
total:                      (statements)    100.0%

Unit testing

Les race conditions

A race condition occurs when multiple threads try to access and modify the same data (memory address).

Unit testing

var sharedInt int = 0
var unusedValue int = 0

func runSimpleReader() {
	for {
		var val int = sharedInt
		if val%10 == 0 {
			unusedValue = unusedValue + 1
		}
	}
}

func runSimpleWriter() {
	for {
		sharedInt = sharedInt + 1
	}
}

func startSimpleReadWrite() {
	go runSimpleReader()
	go runSimpleWriter()
	time.Sleep(10 * time.Second)
}

Unit testing

go run -race .
==================
WARNING: DATA RACE

Fuzzing

In programming and software development, fuzzing or fuzz testing is an automated software testing technique that involves providing invalid, unexpected, or random data as inputs to a computer program

Fuzzing

Fuzzing

Introduced in Go 1.18

Differ from classic testing.T

Implement fuzzing interface testing.F

Fuzzing

go test -v  -fuzztime=2s ./...

Fuzzing

package demo

import "testing"

func FuzzThis(f *testing.F) {
	f.Fuzz(func(t *testing.T, a string) {
		if value(a) {
			t.Error("The value is equal to `this is my value`.")
		}
	})
}
package demo

import "testing"

func value(v string) bool {
	return v == "this is my value"
}

Fuzzing

=== RUN   FuzzThis
=== RUN   FuzzThis/04358d4af4e8ef32223beec89298ad6721bfc244a75b77a139bd898d3bb3cbcc
=== RUN   FuzzThis/28e3bb38264eccee98122f81aa5be66182144a75e42aa783fcf10509c2127083
=== RUN   FuzzThis/43b9989630564313daa99fbd4cbb4ee155f698e3332d7af823ab87b5a1897618
--- PASS: FuzzThis (0.00s)
    --- PASS: FuzzThis/04358d4af4e8ef32223beec89298ad6721bfc244a75b77a139bd898d3bb3cbcc (0.00s)
    --- PASS: FuzzThis/28e3bb38264eccee98122f81aa5be66182144a75e42aa783fcf10509c2127083 (0.00s)
    --- PASS: FuzzThis/43b9989630564313daa99fbd4cbb4ee155f698e3332d7af823ab87b5a1897618 (0.00s)
PASS
ok    something                                                         0.156s

Fuzzing

package demo

import "testing"

func FuzzThis(f *testing.F) {
	f.Add("this is my ")

	f.Fuzz(func(t *testing.T, a string) {
		if value(a) {
			t.Error("The value is equal to `this is my value`.")
		}
	})
}
package demo

import "testing"

func value(v string) bool {
	return v == "this is my value"
}

Fuzzing

=== RUN   FuzzThis
=== RUN   FuzzThis/seed#0
    base_test.go:12: The value is equal to `this is my value`.
=== RUN   FuzzThis/04358d4af4e8ef32223beec89298ad6721bfc244a75b77a139bd898d3bb3cbcc
=== RUN   FuzzThis/28e3bb38264eccee98122f81aa5be66182144a75e42aa783fcf10509c2127083
=== RUN   FuzzThis/43b9989630564313daa99fbd4cbb4ee155f698e3332d7af823ab87b5a1897618
--- FAIL: FuzzThis (0.00s)
    --- FAIL: FuzzThis/seed#0 (0.00s)
    --- PASS: FuzzThis/04358d4af4e8ef32223beec89298ad6721bfc244a75b77a139bd898d3bb3cbcc (0.00s)
    --- PASS: FuzzThis/28e3bb38264eccee98122f81aa5be66182144a75e42aa783fcf10509c2127083 (0.00s)
    --- PASS: FuzzThis/43b9989630564313daa99fbd4cbb4ee155f698e3332d7af823ab87b5a1897618 (0.00s)
FAIL
FAIL    something                                                       0.206s
FAIL

Fuzzing

More complex fuzzing

https://github.com/google/gofuzz

https://github.com/dvyukov/go-fuzz

Functional testing

Test your feature according to the specifications

Functional testing

I developed an API

I want to test the behavior

I will write a service mock

I send an HTTP request to my API

Wait and see...

Functional testing

req := httptest.NewRequest(http.MethodGet, "/handled", nil)
app.ServeHTTP(res, req)
database := mockDatabase()
database.get("Something", "VALUE")

Functional testing

{
    debug
}

:4443

route /mock-my-external-route-empty-body {
    header Content-Type application/json
    respond "{}"
}

route /mock-my-external-route-filled-body {
    header Content-Type application/json
    respond "{\"is_filled\": true}"
}

Functional testing

Mock the external services

Reduce dependencies

Ensure the app resilience

E2E tests

test the functionality and performance of an application under product-like circumstances and data to replicate live settings

E2E tests

Postman / Insomnia

Cypress / Selenium

Postman

Postman

npm install -g newman
newman run my-collection.json

Postman

version: v1.0
name: cds_goes_bruh
jobs:
  - job: Run newman/E2E tests
    steps:
      #...
      - script:
        - '#!/bin/bash'
        - npm install -g newman
        - newman run my-collection.json
    requirements:
    - binary: npm

Did I hear CDS?

I don't know if it's really working

Secure your builds

On the laptop

pre-commit/pre-push

On the CI

unit + fuzz (at least)

on push

unit + fuzz + functional

on merge / deploy / tag

all

Thank you & questions

Les tests en go

By darkweak

Les tests en go

  • 251