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#05

Florian Dambrine - Principal Engineer - @GumGum

KAFKA

Agenda

What DOES it DO

***

Basics

***

DEEP dive

***

CHEATSHEET

What does it do

Kafka Vs Traditional databases

THINGS First

EVENT First

  • Indication in time that something took place

A Log is a sequence of events

Event

  • Apache Kafka is a system for managing these logs
     
  • A log in Kafka historical term is named a topic

Basics

/ Terminology /

KAfka terminology - Topic

Topic

Kafka Log

Event

KAfka terminology - Partitions

Partition 2

Event

Topic

Partition 1

Partition 3

Partition 4

Workload Partition Sizing
Common 8 - 16
Big topics 120 - 200
YOU'RE WRONG ! > 200
  • DO NOT go above
    • 4000 partitions / Broker
    • 200K partitions / Cluster

Partitioning

- Rule of Thumb -

KAfka terminology - Replication

Partition 2

Event

Topic

Partition 1

Partition 3

Partition 4

REPLICAS

KAfka terminology - brokers

Kafka Broker

4 Nodes Kafka Cluster

Partitions are units of scalability because it allows client applications to both read and write the data from/to many brokers at the same time

KAfka terminology - Partition Leadership

L

F

L

L

F

F

L

F

L = Leader

F = Follower

Data will be ingested or served by Brokers that leads a given partition

KAfka Ecosystem - HA & ROBUST recovery

  • ZK Private IP persistence
  • Disk persistence on instance replacement
  • ELB for single entry point
  • Automatic broker.id assignment

KAfka client cluster access

once connected

1st connection

{
  "bootstrap.servers": "<ELB>"
  <other settings>
}
["broker1", "broker2", ...]
["broker1", "broker2", ...]

Kafka Zookeeper - what's in therE ?

KAfka RCAs learnings

# Replication is key

A couple of RCAs were actually caused by topics with misconfigured replication factor leading to data loss

  • Leader lost
  • RF=2 and 2 Brokers down

# Observability for better reactivity

Deep-Dive

/ KAFKA Listeners /

/ Producer Anatomy / Consumer Anatomy /

/ Autocommit pitfalls /

kafka Listeners

You need to set advertised.listeners (or KAFKA_ADVERTISED_LISTENERS if you’re using Docker images) to the external address (host/IP) so that clients can correctly connect to it. Otherwise, they’ll try to connect to the internal host address—and if that’s not reachable, then problems ensue.

TL;DR

kafka Listeners

KAFKA_LISTENERS

KAFKA_ADVERTISED_LISTENERS

0.0.0.0:9092

PLAINTEXT

0.0.0.0:29092

PLAINTEXT_DOCKER

kafka:9092

host.docker.internal:29092

0.0.0.0:29093

PLAINTEXT_NGROK

4.tcp.ngrok.io:18028

PLAINTEXT
PLAINTEXT_DOCKER
PLAINTEXT_NGROK

kafka Producer anatomy

produce(                         )

ack ?

kafka consumer anatomy

consume()

commit || auto commit - that is the question...

P1

P2

P3

Consumer group

Consumer 1

Consumer 2

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

Last Committed

Offset

Current

Position

High

Watermark

Log

End Offset

autocommit enabled

P1

P2

P3

Consumer group

Consumer 2

Consumer 1

from confluent_kafka import Consumer

consumer = Consumer({
  "enable.auto.commit": True
})

while True:
  messages = consumer.poll()
  try:
    process(messages) # heavy
  except Exception as e:
    logger.exception("Failed processing messages")

autocommit disabled

P1

P2

P3

Consumer group

Consumer 2

Consumer 1

from confluent_kafka import Consumer

consumer = Consumer({
  "enable.auto.commit": False
})

while True:
  messages = consumer.poll()
  try:
    process(messages) # TODO Need to handle message 
                      # committing once processed
  except Exception as e:
    logger.exception("Failed processing messages")

Consumer group lifecycle

Rebalance/Rebalancing: the procedure that is followed by a number of distributed processes that use Kafka clients and/or the Kafka coordinator to form a common group and distribute a set of resources among the members of the group.

Examples:

  • Confluent Schema Registry relies on rebalancing to elect a leader node.
  • Kafka Connect uses it to distribute tasks and connectors among the workers.
  • Kafka Streams uses it to assign tasks and partitions to the application streams instances.

MUST READ !

CHEATSHEET

kafka cli tips & tricks

alias kaf="docker run --entrypoint="" -v ~/.kaf:/root/.kaf -it lowess/kaf bash"

kafka cli tips & tricks

# Consume the content <TOPIC> and copy it to a file
kaf consume <TOPIC> --offset latest 2>/dev/null | tee /tmp/kafka-stream.log
# Consume the content <TOPIC> and generate reformat payload to keep url and uuid only
kaf consume <TOPIC> 2>/dev/null | jq '. | {"url": .url, "uuid": .uuid}'
# Send each line from <FILE> as individual records to <TOPIC>
cat <FILE> | while read line; do echo $line | kaf produce <TOPIC>; done

kafka cli tips & tricks

alias kafka-cli="docker run --rm --entrypoint="" -it confluentinc/cp-kafka bash"

Ops

 TALKS

Knowledge worth sharing

By Florian

Ops-Talks #05

By Florian Dambrine

Ops-Talks #05

OpsTalks #05 - Kafka

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