My Journey with

Dart & Flutter as a Front-end Engineer

ZHUORAN LI

GitHub: @lzhuor

& Why Flutter?

  • Hybrid solution with native performance
  • The tone of our design is consistent across platforms
  • Community and eco-system 

 🕵️‍♀️ Preview

My Journey with Flutter

"Ex"-favourite YouTuber
The TechLead

Languages Worked on:

  • JavaScript, TypeScript, Java, Python, Slang (a DSL in a bank)

Styles

  • OOP, FP, Rx

Current Stack at Work

  • JavaScript, TypeScript, Dart
  • React, Redux, Redux-Saga

Hybrid Experience

  • React Native (5 months in production)

UI System

React Component

Flutter Widget

  • Declarative
  • Declarative

Swift UI

React

Flutter

0
 Advanced issue found
 

Component & Widget

  • Configuration of the painting result
  • "translates" to one or more elements

ID

UI System

React Component

Flutter Widget

  • Declarative
  • Declarative
  • Render Object
    • No "Virtual DOM" or "Bridge"
  • Virtual DOM & DOM (Web)
  • Virtual Tree & Native Tree (React Native)

React Native

Flutter

React (Web)

React Native (Mobile)

Flutter

React

Flutter

Reconciliation

UI System

React Component

Flutter Widget

  • Declarative
  • Declarative
  • Render Object
    • No "Virtual DOM" or "Bridge"
  • Life cycle
  • Life cycle
  • Virtual DOM & DOM (Web)
  • Virtual Tree & Native Tree (React Native)

Life cycle

Flutter Widget

React Component

render

componentDidMount

componentDidUpdate

componentWillUnmount

...

this.setState

stateless component

stateful component

build

initState

mounted

didChangeDependencies

dispose

...

 

this.setState

stateless widget

stateful widget

Before Hooks

Life cycles

addPostFrameCallback*

 

Flutter Widget

React Component

Life cycle

  • markNeedsLayout
  • markNeedsBuild
  • markNeedsPaint
  • Selector
  • Widget declared with const
  • ...

UI System

React Component

Flutter Widget

  • Declarative
  • Declarative
  • Render Object
    • No "Virtual DOM" or "Bridge"
  • Life cycle
  • Life cycle
  • CSS (or JSS)
    • Flexbox
    • MediaQuery
    • Position Absolute
    • Translate
    • @keyframes;
  • Layout
    • Flexbox
    • MediaQuery
    • Stack
    • Transform
    • Tween
  • Virtual DOM & DOM (Web)
  • Virtual Tree & Native Tree (React Native)

Layout System

0
 Advanced issue found
 
Web (CSS) Flutter
div Container
Flexbox Row, Column, Wrap, Expanded, Flexible,
mainAxisAlignment
crossAxisAlignment
margin, padding, vh/vw text-align Padding, Center, Align, margin, padding
position: absolute Stack, Align, Positioned
transform Transform
@keyframes AnimationController, Tween

😁

const ShareFormContainer = styled.div`
  margin: 3.2rem 0;
  display: flex;
  align-items: center;

  ${media.maxWidth.mobile`
    margin-bottom: 0;
    flex-direction: column;
  `};
`

Responsiveness

Web (Media Query)

Flutter (Media Query)

Demo (Live Coding)

State Management

React

Flutter

Provider

ScopedModel

Mobx

Redux-Thunk

Redux

<Context />

State Management

Flutter (BLoC)

React (Redux-Saga)

Communication among BLoCs

- Pass BLoC as param

- Service Locator (get_it)

Communication among Sagas

- Pass Saga as param

- actionChannel

Auth

User

State Management

  • A bit disappointed by the yield & yield* syntax in Dart
// JavaScript
const result = yield(saga.call, args)

// Dart
const callback = () => { /*...*/ }
yield(saga.call, args, callback)

Statement

Expression

  • takeEvery vs takeLatest

extension from RxDart

JavaScript, Redux-Saga

Dart, BLoc & RxDart

Dart

Dart

JavaScript

Internationalisation (React)

  • String
  • HTML
  • React Component
  • Templating

 plugin

*react-intl as an example

Internationalisation (Dart & Flutter)

en.arb

flutter pub run intl_translation:extract_to_arb --output-dir=assets/intl ./lib/**/*.dart

Ready for Production

  • CI/CD: CodeMagic.io
    • Out-of-the-box build environment
    • Signing / Provisioning
    • Versioning
    • Integration (not so good as Bitrise.io yet)
  • Beta Distribution: AppDistribution
  • Error Reporting & Tracking
    • Crashlytics
    • Sentry
    • Google Analytics

*Mixpanel official support is not available yet

Thank you :P

  • App: Launching soon!

  • Referral Sign-up via Web App $20 fee credit:
     

https://endowus.com/invite?code=1XR8V

My Journey with Dart & Flutter as a Front-end Engineer

By LI Zhuoran

My Journey with Dart & Flutter as a Front-end Engineer

GitHub: @lzhuor

  • 190
Loading comments...

More from LI Zhuoran