JAMstack & Vue

An Architecture For Modern Web Applications

21.02.2019 - VueJS Dublin

About Me

Alexander Lichter

Nuxt.js Core Team Member

@TheAlexLichter

My journey: From SSR to Static

  • Most of my pages: server-side rendered (via Nuxt)
  • Hosted on my own VPS
  • "Dynamically" served the same content again and again

Initial Status

  • ...used Nuxt's static export feature ( nuxt generate )
  • ..had no more Node server that dynamically served content
  • Instead, only NGINX in front and pure HTML files

So I...

But.. is that it?

Do I actually need a server?

More about that in a minute...

or ten

JAMstack

J

A

M

avascript

PIs

arkup

  • Is static and won't be modified by the server

  • Will be pre-built before every (re-)deploy

  • Usually built with a Static Site Generator (SSG)

Markup

  • Used for all dynamic parts of the project

  • Runs entirely on client-side

  • No framework/library limitations

Javascript

  • Interactions with the page handled by an API

  • Called by the Javascript via HTTPS

  • Typically microservices, serverless functions or similar

APIs

But why going JAMstack?

Performance

Simplicity

Security

Cost

Simplicity

  • Only static HTML, no .php / .py / ... files
  • No server needed
  • No more complex deploy pipelines

Security

  • No server means a smaller attack surface
  • Isolated, small APIs reduce possible attack vectors too
  • Ideally, "content API" only present at build time

Performance

  • Reduced Time to first Byte when using a CDN
  • Easy cache invalidation
  • Faster response due to no dynamic HTML creation

Cost

  • No server fees
  • Free hosting (via Netlify or GH Pages)
  • Serverless APIs are usually billed by usage

A bit of Vue

Static Site Generators

powered by Vue

Vuepress

Nuxt.js

Gridsome

Nuxt.js

  • A framework on top of Vue
  • Versatile
  • Optimized
  • Modular
  • Made for Developers

Who knows the VueJS Dublin website?

Demo time!

Deployment

Netlify

  • Awesome free tier
  • Frictionless auto deploy with Git
  • Rich features (previews, A/B testing, ...)
  • Loves open source

GitHub checks and

Deploy Previews

Netlify Functions

Let's deploy!

The Future

of static site generation + Nuxt.js

Full static mode

(RFC pending)

Better data and 3rd party integration

Because things are easy...

...but not easy enough

More learning resources

Because things are easy...

...when you know how

When you shouldn't go for JAMstack?

Highly dynamic data

Use SSR instead (e.g. with Nuxt)

Further read

Nuxt.js - An Introduction - Slides from my Nuxt talk

JAMstack.org - To learn more about JAMstack itself

Why Nuxt? - A great video summary

JAMstack & Vue - An Architecture For Modern Web Applications (21.02.2019)

By Alexander Lichter

JAMstack & Vue - An Architecture For Modern Web Applications (21.02.2019)

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