@MichaKutz

Testing
Microservice Ecosystems

Test Automation

Class/Unit Tests

Integration Tests

Class/Unit + Integration
Tests

Risk vs Effort

Service Tests

Consumer Driven
Contract Test

Service Test
+ Contract Test

Risk vs Effort

System Test

System Test

Risk vs Effort

End-to-End Tests

End-to-End Tests

Risk vs Effort

Continuous Delivery &
Deployment

Exploratory Testing

–Martin Fowler

I would consider it a red flag if a team isn't doing exploratory testing at all - even if their automated testing was excellent.

Even the best automated testing is inherently scripted testing - and that alone is not good enough.

November 18th 2019

–Elisabeth Hendrickson
@testobsessed

to push even harder

look past what you expect

as soon as you think of a test

interesting things to vary and interesting ways in which to vary them

Simultaneously designing and executing tests to learn about the system, using your insights from the last experiment to inform the next.

What?

How?

Charter template from "Explore It!"
by Elisabeth Hendrickson

What kind of information are you hoping to find?

security

performance

reliability

capability

usability

consistency of design

violations of a standard

surprises

What resources will you bring with you?
a tool
a data set
a technique
a configuration
an interdependent feature

Where are you exploring?

a feature

a requirement

a module

Explore <target>


with <resources>


to discover <information>

How long is this supposed to take?

often implicit

How?

Charter Template from "Tips for Writing Better Charters for Exploratory Testing Sessions"
by Michael D. Kelly

What could go wrong?

functionality is wrong

usability is bad

not accessible

inconsistency

What am I testing?

a feature

a requirement

a module

My mission is to test <risk>


in the context of <coverage>

 

within <timeframe>

Good Charters,
Bad Charters

Experiment with invalid values when updating customer addresses.

Find ways that a valid order modification might fail.

My mission is to test SQL vulnerabilities

 

in the context of the search form.

Explore the registration form


with common XSS injection strings


to discover XSS attack vulnerabilities

Too broad

you will never be finished

Too narrow

actually a test case

Explore the address form


with the name "Søren Anderson"


to discover if scandinavial letters are handled correctly

Explore every input field in the shop


with every security tool you can find


to discover security issues

Explore the behavior of the basket button


with various interaction types and speeds


to discover unintended side effects

unexpected data transfer

subtle UI changes

$> psql
$> watch ls

unexpected filesystem or database activity

unexpected system load

Look past what you expect or hope to find

Notes to Take

My mission is to explore the checkout process


for side effects caused by parallel activity in a different tab.

My mission is to explore the checkout process


for side effects caused by browser navigation.

setup steps

things to be documented

things to be automated

open questions

possible new charters

found bugs

actual time for testing

confidence level

Sprint

Planning

Review/

Retro

Coding

1st story done 🎉

2nd story done 🎉

last story done 🎉

Daylies

Backlog Refinement

Continuous Exploration

Observability

You aren't testing just code anymore. You are testing complex systems made up of users, code, environment, infrastructure, and a point in time. These systems have unpredictable interactions, a lack of predictable ordering, and emergent properties that defy your ability to deterministically test.

–Charity Majors
techbeacon.com/app-dev-testing/test-production-yes-you-can-you-should

In software, observability is the ability to ask new questions of the health of your running services without deploying new instrumentation.

–Shelby Spees

honeycomb.io/blog/observability-101-terminology-and-concepts

(…) unlike “monitoring” which is known failure centric, “observability” doesn’t necessarily have to be closely tied to an outage or a user complaint. It can be used as a way to better understand system performance and behavior, even during the what can be perceived as “normal” operation of a system.

–Cindy Sridharan

copyconstruct.medium.com/monitoring-and-observability-8417d1952e1c

Site Reliability Engineering (SRE) Four Golden Signals/Metrics

Traffic

Errors

Latency

Saturation

Site Reliability Engineering (SRE) SLI, SLO, SLA

Service Level Indicator

SLI: time to serve request

internal SLO:

serve 98% in less then 6ms

public SLO:

serve 95% in less then 6ms

Service Level Objective (SLO)

Service Level Agreement

= Consequences for breaking SLO

SLA: Team is on call and will be woken up by alert

{
  "@timestamp": "2020-10-29T08:05:53.022Z",
  "loglevel": "WARN",
  "msg": "What happened explained to human",
  "message_code": "SOME_MSG_CODE_TO_FILTER_FOR",
  "service": "my-service",
  "service_version": "v4711",
  "container_image": "docker-registry.rewe-digital.com/my-service:v4711",
  "host": "docker-1",
  "user-agent": "Mozilla/5.0 …",
  "customer_uuid": "3b8afe40-6fd5-4996-8bf0-0735f1d41244",
  "session_id": "e9f78f3e-9142-4d7a-b26d-130ec918f88d",
  "correlation-id": "e7e28df8-307e-404b-8246-0ffe2f281b09",
  …
}

Solid Test Automation

+ Continuous Delivery

+ Exploratory Testing

+ Observability

= Continuous Happiness :)

Thanks for listening!

Questions?

Testing Microservice Ecosystems

By Michael Kutz

Testing Microservice Ecosystems

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