The Irish-Language Community in New York

on the Eve of the Rising

Nicholas Wolf

New York University

The Distribution of Irish-Born Native Speakers of Irish Worldwide, ca. 1900-1910

100,000

300,000

500,000

700,000

900,000

Ireland (60%)

United States (29%)

Other (11%)

Distribution of Irish-Born Claiming Irish in the United States

Proportion of All Claimants, by State

Source: Steven Ruggles, Katie Genadek, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, and Matthew Sobek, Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 6.0. Machine-Readable Database (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 2015)

Proportion of Irish-Born Claiming Irish as Mother Tongue

New York City and Surrounding Counties, by Decade of Arrival

Decade of Immigration Total Claiming Irish, 1910 Percent Claiming Irish, 1910 Percent Claiming Irish, 1920
1830-1839
101 25.1 100.0
1840-1849 300 6.6 16.4
1850-1859 1,806 12.9 36.9
1860-1869 3,607 12.0 17.8
1870-1879 4,016 12.5 24.1
1880-1889 10,833 13.1 21.8
1890-1899 9,427 12.6 17.3
1900-1909 8,929 11.6 20.6
Total 1830-1909 39,019 12.3 20.6

Source: Steven Ruggles, Katie Genadek, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, and Matthew Sobek, Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 6.0. Machine-Readable Database (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 2015)

Proportion of Irish-Born Claiming Irish as Mother Tongue

New York City and Surrounding Counties, by County of Residency

State County Percent Claiming Irish, 1910 Total Claiming Irish, 1910
New Jersey Bergen 15.5 700
Essex 12.9 2,408
Hudson 24.5 7,826
Union 39.1 1,804
New York Westchester 23.3 3,918
Kings 9.6 6,825
Queens 21.4 1,803
Richmond 17.2 605
New York (including Bronx) 8.5 13,332

Source: Steven Ruggles, Katie Genadek, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, and Matthew Sobek, Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 6.0. Machine-Readable Database (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 2015)

Anna E. McAuliffe, 485 91st St., 1910 Census

Independent Spirit 1916

By Nicholas Wolf

Independent Spirit 1916

  • 164

More from Nicholas Wolf