MonoRepo with Nx

monorepo

MultiRepo

pankajparkar

Book my cinema

Ticket Admin

Ticket Booking Library

MultiRepo

pankajparkar

Pros

  • Ownership is clear
  • Each separate repository can have separate CI rules
  • Rollback can be easier since it is a separate repo
  • Small build times

Cons

  • CI and CD may become challenging if multiple dependencies 
  • Hard to maintain dependencies version
  • e2e test can be challenging to verify
  • Code sharing may require extra effort and maintenance 

MonoRepo

pankajparkar

Pros

  • Code sharing and maintenance are easy
  • Single source of truth
  • Better e2e tests
  • System versioning can be simpler
  • Easy to refactor and check dependency graph is easy
  • Better visibility across projects

Cons

  • Limitations Around Access Control
  • Long build times

Monorepo Users

pankajparkar

Monorepo Tools 🔨

pankajparkar

  • Nx
  • Lerna (deprecated)
  • Bazel
  • Gradle
  • TurboRepo
  • Rush
  • Lage
  • etc.

Reference: https://monorepo.tools

Monorepo with Angular CLI

pankajparkar

ng new my-workspace --create-application false
cd my-workspace
ng generate application my-first-app
ng generate lib my-lib

Reference: https://angular.io/guide/file-structure

What is Nx?

pankajparkar

  • A tool that helps to build apps in a scalable way
  • It provides out-of-the-box support for tools like cypress, storybook, etc. 

pankajparkar

book-my-cinema

ticket-admin

ticket-booking

Nx Devtools - create workspace

pankajparkar

npx create-nx-workspace --preset=empty
npm install --save-dev @nrwl/angular
nx generate application ticket-admin
nx generate application book-my-ticket
nx generate lib ticket-bookin-library

Current Application Architecture

Book my cinema

Ticket Booking

home

movies

movies list

movie

slider

charts

collection

dashboard

manage showtimes

Ticket booking library

services

pipes​ 

day, minute, join, safe

models

movie, showtime, db,etc

home

home

home

movie details

golden text

footer

movie details card

movie preiview card

navbar

movie search

movie grid

show times

Nx Mental model

10-20%

80-90%

Nx Mental model

  • feature - The component accessible via route
  • UI -  Reusable components like the modal, small pieces, etc.
  • shell - Routes can stay here
  • data-access - services making HTTP Call service
  • store - State management store
  • models - classes / interfaces can stay here
  • utils - reusable services and functions can stay here 

Reference - https://connect.nrwl.io/app/books/enterprise-angular-monorepo-patterns

 { 
    path: 'manage-showtimes',
    component: ManageShowtimesComponent
 },
    <div class="container">
        <h2>Manage Showtimes</h2>
        <div class="movie-item"
           *ngFor="let movie of movies">
            <bmc-movie-preview-card
                [movie]="movie"
            >
            </bmc-movie-preview-card>
            <bmc-showtimes
                [movie]="movie"
                [showAllTimes]="true"
            ></bmc-showtimes>
        </div>
    </div>

Feature

UI

UI

Shell

Migration of existing Angular App

Beyond Just Monerpo tools

  • Out of the box support for Cypress, Storybook, etc
  • NX Computation Cache (Nx Cloud)
  • Nx Graph
  • Can run affected tests
  • Boundaries between libs (using rules with tags)
  • Nx Console (run command using UI)

How reusability shines here

Demo - https://github.com/pankajparkar/ticket-booking

Q & A

pankajparkar

pankajparkar

pankajparkar

References

  • https://connect.nrwl.io/app/books/enterprise-angular-monorepo-patterns

  • https://blog.nrwl.io/12-things-to-help-large-organizations-do-angular-right-f261a798ad6b

  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LEqJ1xKf_1w

  • https://nx.dev/latest/angular/getting-started/nx-setup

  • https://connect.nrwl.io/app/books

MonoRepo with Angular

By Pankaj Parkar

MonoRepo with Angular

Monorepo with Angular

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