Green Button, OpenID & OAuth

Outline

  • Green Button Developers

  • Atom XML

  • OAuth 2.0

  • OpenID

  • OpenID Connect

Green Button Developers

  • Metered resources

    • electricity

    • gas

    • water. 

  •  Using atom+xml based streams of Energy Usage

    • Information (EUI) encapsulated within an Atom Feed

Green Button Developers

Green Button Developers

  • Atom Syndication Format Standard

  • Using atom+xml based streams of Energy Usage

    • Information (EUI) encapsulated within an Atom Feed

  •  XML schema References

Atom XML

  • Atom Syndication Format Standard

  • Web feed and News feed

  • RFC 4287

  • RFC 5023

Atom XML Data

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>

<feed xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom">

	<title>Example Feed</title>
	<subtitle>A subtitle.</subtitle>
	<link href="http://example.org/feed/" rel="self" />
	<link href="http://example.org/" />
	<id>urn:uuid:60a76c80-d399-11d9-b91C-0003939e0af6</id>
	<updated>2003-12-13T18:30:02Z</updated>
	<author>
		<name>John Doe</name>
		<email>johndoe@example.com</email>
	</author>
	
	<entry>
		<title>Atom-Powered Robots Run Amok</title>
		<link href="http://example.org/2003/12/13/atom03" />
		<link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="http://example.org/2003/12/13/atom03.html"/>
		<link rel="edit" href="http://example.org/2003/12/13/atom03/edit"/>
		<id>urn:uuid:1225c695-cfb8-4ebb-aaaa-80da344efa6a</id>
		<updated>2003-12-13T18:30:02Z</updated>
		<summary>Some text.</summary>
	</entry>

</feed>

OAuth

  • A open Standard

  • Commonly used as a way for Internet users to grant

    • websites and applications access to their information
  • Designed specifically to work with Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)

  • Essentially allows access tokens to be issued to third-party clients by an authorization

OpenID

  •  It allows users to be authenticated by co-operating sites (known as relying parties, or RP) using a third-party service.

OpenID connect

  • It is an authentication layer on top of OAuth 2.0

  • The standard is controlled by the OpenID Foundation.

Authentication

OpenID and OAuth difference

  • OpenID is about authentication (ie. proving who you are)

  • OAuth is about authorization (ie. to grant access to functionality/data/etc.. without having to deal with the original authentication).

  • OAuth could be used in external partner sites to allow access to protected data without them having to re-authenticate a user.

OpenID, OpenID Connect and OAuth difference

  • OpenID and OpenID Connect are authentication protocols while OAuth2 is an authorization protocol.

  • The most significant difference between OpenID Connect and OAuth2 is the id_token.

    • OIDC contains an id_token while OAuth2 does not.

  • In OpenID Connect it contains user info endpoint while OAuth2 does not.

  • OpenID Connect defines how to send a signed and encrypted request object where OAuth2 does not.

OpenID scenario

  • The scenario for OpenID:

    • User wants to access his account on example.com
    • example.com (the "Relying Party" in OpenID lingo) asks the user for his OpenID
    • User enters his OpenID
      example.com redirects the user to his OpenID provider

    • User authenticates himself to the OpenID provider
      OpenID provider redirects the user back to example.com
      example.com allows the user to access his account

       

OAuth scenario

  • And now the scenario for OAuth

    • User is on example.com and wants to import his contacts from mycontacts.com

    • example.com (the "Consumer" in OAuth lingo) redirects the user to mycontacts.com (the "Service Provider")
      
    • User authenticates himself to mycontacts.com (which can happen by using OpenID)
    • mycontacts.com asks the user whether he wants to authorize example.com to access his contacts
    • User makes his choice
    • mycontacts.com redirects the user back to example.com
    • example.com retrieves the contacts from mycontacts.com
    • example.com informs the user that the import was successful

Summary

Any questions?

References

Green Button guide

By peter279k

Green Button guide

Green Button Data

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