Arvind Padmanabhan


Flavours of Android



for IoT &

embedded devices

What Google Has to Offer

Android Things certified SoMs

Board Support Package (BSP)


Android Things Console

Android Framework & Tools

Things Support Library API

Google Services


Android vs Android Things

  • Flexible access to hardware
  • No system apps (such as Contacts, Calendar, Telephony, Settings ...)
  • Only one app exposed to user: there can be background apps
  • App started automatically
  • Full-screen display: no status bar or navigation buttons
  • Display is optional
  • Peripheral I/O API: GPIO, PWM, I2C, SPI, UART
  • User Driver API: extend framework, inject HW events
  • Cloud IoT Core: easy integration to Google Cloud

Google Play Services

Google Play Store

Firebase, Fit, Location, Maps ...


LoWPAN Support

  • Support for Thread protocol
    • Needs IEEE 15.4 radio
    • Direct device-to-device comms
    • IPv6 mesh networking
  • APIs
    • Scan for and join a network
    • Create a new network
  • Tools
    • OpenThread on nRF52840-PDK
    • CLI for dev and debugging: lowpanctl

Supported HW

NXP Pico i.MX7D Block Diagram

System-on-module (SoM)

System-on-chip (SoC)

Hardware Specs



Starter kit $169


SoC NXP i.MX7D Block Diagram

Does my toaster need  quad-core-GHz processing

with 512 MB RAM and multitasking?

Potential Applications

  1. Where image/video/audio are involved
  2. Where local processing is needed, possibly with AI/ML
  • Home appliances: washing machine, refrigerator, dishwasher ...
  • Smart metering
  • Point-of-Sale (POS) reader
  • Vending machines
  • Interactive ads
  • Access control, camera monitoring, security systems
  • Gateways, routers
  • Asset tracking, predictive maintenance

CES 2018, Las Vegas, 9-12 Jan

Lenovo, LG, JBL, Qualcomm, MediaTek, NXP, Rockchip, iHome, Goertek, and Tymphany

  • Google Assistant: smart speakers
  • Google Cast: smart displays

Demo #1

1. Take picture

2. Store in DB

3. Send image to Vision API

4. Respond with labels

5. Store labels


Introduction to Android Things

By Arvind Padmanabhan

Introduction to Android Things

Features, supported HW, resources ...

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