School librarian in a Swedish gymnasieskola (high school).
We all share a responsibility for how we act online.
From the school cafeterias Facebook page:
Matthew: I Think that the school lunch is effing horrible, it's too salty!
Mia: I Think it is perfectly seasoned.
Matthew: You are insane! Besides I didn't ask you so sod off!
Mia: It's an open comment section, I can say what I like. Your taste buds must be defective.
Matthew: Bloody Goody Two Shoes!
Matthew: I Think that the school lunch is too salty, yuk!
Mia: I Think it is perfectly seasoned
Matthew: I hear you, I however disagree
Mia: Maybe we can ask for individual salt shakers so we can all season our food as much as we like?
Matthew: Good idea!
How to express dissent without being offensive:
Don't get personal
Use respectful phrases such as:
I understand your Point of view...however
I am afraid I have to disagree with you...
I must take issue with that...
I hear you, but I am not so sure about that...
I respectfully disagree...
On the contrary...
"A web for all?"
A climate of bullying online has an effect on all of us that are online!
Certain Groups are being silenced and that is not OK.
Women and girls
are the targets
Racism and sexism online
Three out of ten teenagers have been subjected to racial harassement online. The offender is almost always unknown.
Source: Friends nätrapport 2016
Four out of ten young women have been sexually harassaed online. The offender is almost always known by the victim.
Web Bullying vs. Web Hate
What is the difference?
Web Bullying: When you are offended or threathened by persons that you know or who are in your vicinity.
They have to be systematic and may also happen IRL.
Web Hate: When you are offended or threathened by persons that are unknown to you. Often instigated by a public announcement/post/comment.
Rarely crosses over to real Life.
To slander somebody
online is a felony.
To slander somebody online and in person is illegal. In Sweden we call this "kränka någons ära". It goes beyond a tease or simple name calling.
This is punishable by hefty fines
and jail sentences
"You can give Kalle a beer and he will sleep with you..."
= Slander with malicious intent
"Kalle is an ugly drunk..."
= the right to express an opinion (although mean)
What does the law state?
Källa: Friends nätrapport 2016
What does these persons have in common?
Your future employer
will google you!
How you act online will have consequences IRL.
"Distance" makes us meaner
Science shows that distance from the person we are communicating with makes us less compassionate. That applies to all kinds of situations where we can't make eye-contact with the person we are speaking to.
Before the Internet, when we got frustrated, we posted an angry letter to our local news paper. Then it was reviewed by the papers editor before it was published. Today, when we post stuff online we have to be our own editors and make sure we don't break any laws or offend people. We have to be responsible.
The Internet has made communications faster
Source: "Näthat är normalt" by Susanne Johansson 2015
Are there any benefits with online anonymity?
We can confide in f.i. journalists without having to have our name published in the paper
We can talk to people who lend support anonymously without having to reveal our name
Report without retribution
We can report suspicious or criminal activity anonymously and not have to worry that we will be
threatened or injured because of that.
The web can be a source of good!
Source for education
Funny cat videos
How can YOU be a better person online?
Act like a mensch online and offline...if you cannot say something to a person's face, don't write it on their Facebook
Speak out! - Show moral courage and speak out if you see somebody being slandered online
Read! - Reading enhances our emphatic abilities
Write! - as a method for reflection rather than reaction
"The Right to be Forgotten"
Contact the person who posted something mean and ask them to retract their post.
Contact the responsible social media site and ask for the content to be removed.
"The right to be forgotten"
Think before you write if
you are upset.
Check the source behind the post you want to share
Having the freedom of speech is NOT the freedom to offend.
In fact - we have a lot of restrictions to the freedom of speech...
If you have been the victim of web bullying or hate there are places you can turn to for help.
Remember to :
Take a screen dump
Do not delete anything
Contact the police
If you get bullied at school they have to act to stop the harassment so
turn to your teacher or any adult you trust at school.
By Emma Lindgren