Offshore financial centers

Conduits and tax havens

Uses mainly foreign direct investments

Only pairwise relationships.  We cannot know where investment actually comes from.

PREVIOUS RESEARCH

We use ownership relationship at company level and build transnational ownership chains

Study who are in the end (tax havens) and who are in the middle (conduits)

our approach

our approach vs FDI

who is at the end of the chain

Green: More at the end (sinks)

Red: More at the start (sources)

who is in the middle to those tax havens

Red: Tax havens                        Green: Conduits                           Blue: others

who is in the middle to those tax havens

Red: Tax havens                        Green: Conduits                           Blue: others

who is in the middle to those tax havens

Red: Tax havens                        Green: Conduits                           Blue: others

who is in the middle to those tax havens

country (x axis) -> conduit (y axis) -> sOFC

who is in the middle to those tax havens

sOFC -> conduit (y axis) -> country (x axis)

who is in the middle to other countries

country (x axis) -> conduit (y axis) -> all_countries

who is in the middle to other countries

all_countries -> conduit (y axis) -> country (x axis)

SECTOR ANALYSIS

deck

By Javier GB

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