HISTORY OF ADVERtising

A Brief Overview

we can learn from the past

Take inspiration, learn from mistakes. 

Trends repeat themselves.

Before there were brands

There was this...

compare that to this

Modern times..

advertsing dates back to around 3000BC 

So there's a lot to learn and explore.

The Early days

Advertising was mostly word of mouth. WHY?

  • It was a barter system- no system of $$ existed
  • Most people were just trying to survive so they only bartered for items that they needed
  • There was no mass production of goods. Everything was handmade
  • Hence, there was no need for advertising as we know it today

1275-1800

Advertising was mostly non-existant

  • 105AD - Paper was invented by the Chinese
  • 1275 - First paper mill appeared in Europe 
  • 1440s - The Gutenberg Press is invented in Germany
    • Mass recordings are now more accessible to the public
  • 1472- The first poster ad appears in England on a church door
  • 1650 - The first Newspaper ad appears (offering an award for stolen horses) 
  • 1704 - A letter appears in the Boston News asking for readers to place ads. Shortly after, the first newspaper ad appears for a Long Island real estate

1275-1800

Advertising was mostly non-existant

  • 1741 - First American magazine is published in Philly

 

early 20th century

Everything changed. WHY????

The industrial revolution!!

mid 1800s

people start producing more goods

  • Faster, Cheaper, Better
  • Competition starts to creep up - it's just not one brand of soap...there's now 5!
  • How do you get the word out???

ADVERTISE!

mid-late 1800s

KEY DATES

  • 1840s - Advertising becomes a profession when Volney B Palmer opens the first advertising agency in Philly
  • 1844 - The first magazine ad runs
  • 1867 - travel billboards start to appear near frequently traveled roads
  • 1869- NW Ayers sets up shop (known for creating slogans for Morton Salt and DeBeers)
  • 1893 - Sears issues it's first catalog

mid-LATE 1800s

ADVertising is about the why

  • Lists any features/benefits
  • Lots of copy
  • Illustrations (remember, there was no photography)

1900-1910

It's about the brand & making a campaign

  • Manufactures start to focus on the brand and package to differentiate themselves from their competition.
  • Print is the primary media type
  • Pepsi, Quaker Oats and United States steal become incorporated
  • Campbell's kids are created for Campbell's soup
  • Gillette creates it's first national ad

1910-1920

the age of radio - Focus on emotions

  • America's first radio station was launched
  • Magazines/Newspapers are still the primary form for advertisement
  • Ads are targeted to the audiences emotional needs
  • Retail industry grows considerably 
  • American advertising becomes a 3 billion dollar industry

1920-1930

the age of CONSUMERISM - MARketing research

  • Post WWI jumpstarts spending BUT...
  • The stock market crashed in 1929
  • Advertisers start to use market research to back up claims
  • Ad Age launches
  • Simplicity in visuals and copy

1930-1940

the age of soap opera - be different

  • Ad budgets are cut due to the Great Depression
  • An early form of sponsored content arrives with Soap Operas
  • More competition. Brands have to differentiate themselves
  • Radio is king
  • More color emerges in print ads

1940-1950

WAR - unique selling proposition

  • WWII breaks out. Advertising is mostly focused around the war efforts
  • Radio still major form of advertising
  • WWII ends sparking a lift in spending
  • Advertisers focus on conveying unique selling propositions to drive sales

1950-1960

the golden age - creativity

  • Think Mad Men
  • The modern day creative team is formed (copywriter/designer)
  • TV becomes the king of advertisement medium
  • Ads start to appeal to consumerism narcissism

1960-1970

Consumers become cynics - rebellion

  • Consumers start to rebel against advertising
  • Individuality becomes important to the consumer
  • The cola wars begin
  • Designers take a more artistic approach

1970-1980

the age of branding - it's all about positioning

  • Ad regulation starts to increase(esp with tobacco) 
  • Attention economics is introduced
  • Product/brand positioning becomes a major deal
    • A wealth of information creates a poverty of attentionConsumers attention is scarce and therefore very valuable
  • Designers take a more artistic approach

1980-1990

the age of self indulgence 

  • Materialism reaches new heights 
  • Consumers seek out products that align to their values
  • TV is king
  • Informericals are at an all time high
  • Apple 1984 commercial airs

1990-2000

the age of integrated marketing

  • Integrated marketing starts to replace advertising
  • Users have the ability to skip ads 
  • The web becomes a big thing
  • Seth Godin introduces permission marketing 
    • Ask permission to get the users attention and then establish trust

2000-2010

the digital age - noise

  • SPAM!
  • Social media and web 2.0
  • The web becomes a big thing
  • More effort and $$ is directed towards the digital experience 
  • To be taken seriously, you need a website (and FB page, and twitter account...)
  • In-bound marketing is introduced
    • Market with a magnet, not a sledgehammer
    • Use information that consumers find valuable

2010-?

age of story telling

  • Ads have less copy, more visuals
  • Heavily integrated with digital (including social media)
  • Ability to get real time/immediate feedback from their audience

How do you Envision Advertising in the future?

history of advertising

By shadow4611

history of advertising

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